Short Name:

ABoVE: Rain-on-Snow Frequency and Distribution during Cold Seasons, Alaska, 2003-2016

This dataset provides maps of rain-on-snow (ROS) events across Alaska for the individual months of November to March 2002-2011 and November to March 2012-2016, and annual water year summary maps for 2003-2011 and 2013-2016. ROS events were defined as changes in passive microwave (PM) detection in surface snow wetness and isothermal states induced by atmospheric processes often associated with winter rainfall. The data are summations of the number of days with ROS events per pixel at 6-km spatial resolution per month or per 5-month water year. The daily ROS record encompassed the months when snowmelt from solar irradiance is minimal and snow cover is widespread and relatively consistent throughout the region. Daily ROS geospatial classification across Alaska was derived by combining snow cover and daily microwave brightness temperature retrievals sensitive to landscape freeze-thaw dynamics from overlapping (1) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) MOD10A2 eight-day maximum snow cover extent (SCE) product and (2) Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS (AMSR-E) (2002-2011) and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) (2012-to present) Microwave Radiation Imager (MWRI) observations at 19 GHz and 37 GHz.

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