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Vulcan: High-Resolution Annual Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions in USA, 2010-2015, Version 3

The Vulcan version 3.0 annual dataset provides estimates of annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels (FF) and CO2 emissions from cement production for the conterminous United States and the State of Alaska. Referred to as FFCO2, the emissions from Vulcan are categorized into 10 source sectors including; residential, commercial, industrial, electricity production, onroad, nonroad, commercial marine vessel, airport, rail, and cement. Data are gridded annually on a 1-km grid for the years 2010 to 2015. These data are annual sums of hourly estimates. Also provided are estimates of the upper 95% confidence interval and the lower 95% confidence interval boundaries for each emission estimate. For each uncertainty level, there are 10 individual sector files and one total file. These data are designed to be used as emission estimates in atmospheric transport modeling, policy, mapping, and other data analyses and applications.

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