MODIS/Terra+Aqua Land Cover Dynamics Yearly L3 Global 500m SIN Grid V005

Version 005
  • Abstract
    The MCD12Q2.005 dataset was decommissioned as of March 18, 2019. Users are encouraged to use the new improved MCD12Q2.006 dataset. The MODIS Land Cover Dynamics (MCD12Q2) product (informally called the MODIS Global Vegetation Phenology product) provides estimates of the timing of vegetation phenology at global scales. Additionally, it also provides information related to the range and summation of the enhanced vegetation index (EVI) computed from MODIS surface reflectance data at each pixel. It identifies the vegetation growth, maturity, and senescence that mark seasonal cycles. In contrast to the version 004 incarnation of this product (MOD12Q2), MCD12Q2 uses both Terra and Aqua MODIS input data. MCD12Q2 is produced once a year with 24 months of input data (i.e., the 12 months of interest data bracketed by six month’s data on either side). The version 005 MCD12Q2 products range from 2001 through 2012. MCD12Q2 primarily uses MODIS EVI, which is computed from the MODIS Nadir Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)-Adjusted Reflectance (NBAR) product instead of the MOD09 surface reflectance product. In contrast to the version 004 product, MCD12Q2 uses NBAR values computed from an 8-day period at 500 m spatial resolution. Huete et al. (2002) provide the formula used to derive the EVI from the NBAR data. The snow and ice flag included in the MODIS NBAR product’s QA field is useful to filter out data points associated with snow-covered surfaces from the input time-series, especially because snow presence introduces large temporal variations in EVI that are not associated with vegetation phenology. Land surface temperature data inputs are derived from the MODIS MOD11A2 8-day composite products. Change Points of Interest - The V005 Land Cover Dynamics product is produced at a higher spatial resolution (500 m) than the V004 product (1000 m). - The V005 Land Cover Dynamics product uses both Aqua and Terra inputs. - The V005 Land Cover product uses NBAR values computed from an 8-day period compared to a 16-day period in the V004 product. The MODIS Land Cover Dynamics product provides estimates of the timing of vegetation phenology globally. In addition, it also provides the MODIS nadir bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF)-adjusted reflectance (NBAR)-based enhanced vegetation index (EVI) onset of greenness, and quality control information. V005 Data Set Characteristics: Temporal Coverage: 2001-2014 Earth-Gridded Tile Area: 10° x 10° lat/lon (at the equator) Image Dimensions: 2 x 2400 x 2400 (num_modes/rows/columns) File Size: ~165 MB Resolution: 500 meters Projection: Sinusoidal Data Type: 16-bit Unsigned Integer Data Format: HDF-EOS Science Data Sets (HDF SDS Layers): 8
  • Purpose
    Science Research
  • Version Description
    Collection Version 5 Processing and Reprocessing
  • DOI

    Not Applicable

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  • Earth Observation Satellites
    • MODIS
  • Earth Observation Satellites
    • MODIS
Project Short Name Campaigns Project Dates
  • Terra
No dates provided.
  • Aqua
No dates provided.

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    Coverage Type Zone Identifier Geometry Granule Representation
    HORIZONTAL Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) CARTESIAN GEODETIC
    Tiling Identification Systems
    System Name Coordinate 1 Min Coordinate 1 Max Coordinate 2 Min Coordinate 2 Max
    MODIS Tile SIN 0.0 35.0 0.0 17.0
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    Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center

    U.S. Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
    Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57198

    M-F, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Central Time
    • 605-594-6116
    • 605-594-6963
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    MODIS Adaptive Processing System, Biospheric Information Systems Branch, Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory, Earth Sciences Division, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

    NASA/GSFC Code 922
    GREENBELT, Maryland 20771

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