GGD311_1

Cryosolic pedons from Northern Canada, Version 1

Version 1 eng; usa
  • Abstract
    Pedons included here represent Cryosolic (permafrost-affected) soils from across the Canadian North from Baffin Island in the east, to the lower Mackenzie Valley and northern Yukon in the west, and to Ellesmere Island in the High Arctic. Pedon locations are Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T. (8 pedons); Inuvik area, N.W.T. (2 pedons); Mackenzie Delta, N.W.T. (2 pedons); Tanquary Fiord, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T. (4 pedons); Lake Hazen, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T. (4 pedons); Eagle Plains, northern Yukon (3 pedons); Dawson City area, central Yukon (2 pedons). Cryosolic soils, according to the Canadian soil classification, are either mineral or organic materials that have permafrost either within 1 m of the surface (Static and Organic Cryosols) or within 2 m (Turbic Cryosols) if more than one-third of the pedon has been strongly cryoturbated, as indicated by disrupted, mixed, or broken horizons. They have a mean annual temperature below 0 degree C. In the soil profile descriptions, the perennially frozen (permafrost) soil horizons are identified by the letter 'z'. The descriptions and nomenclature used to describe these pedons are according to - Expert Committee on Soil Survey. 1983. The Canada Soil Information System, Manual for describing soil in the field. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Agriculture Canada Expert Committee on Soil Survey. 1987. The Canadian System of Soil Classification. (2nd ed.) Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada. The methods for laboratory analysis are according to - Sheldrick, B.H. (editor). 1984. Analytical Methods Manual. 1984. Land Resource Research Institute, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Additional information relating to these pedons can be obtain by contacting Charles Tarnocai, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Branch (ECORC), K.W. Neatby Building, Rm. 1135, 960 Carling Avenue, OTTAWA, Canada, K1A 0C6; Tel.- (613) 759-1857; Fax- (613) 759-1937; E-mail- tarnocaict@em.agr.ca. The data file on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM contains laboratory analyses of the soil samples, including chemical, physical, mineralogical (clay mineralogy when applicable), and particle size distribution analyses.
  • Purpose
    Scientific Research

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    Science Keywords
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground
    • Cryosols
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Land Surface
    • Frozen Ground
    • Cryosols
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground
    • Permafrost
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Land Surface
    • Frozen Ground
    • Permafrost
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Agriculture
    • Soils
    • Soil Classification
    • EARTH SCIENCE
    • Land Surface
    • Soils
    • Soil Classification

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    Coverage Type Zone Identifier Geometry Granule Representation
    HORIZONTAL CARTESIAN GEODETIC
Location Keywords
    • Continent
    • North America
    • Canada
    • Northern Canada

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  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
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    National Snow and Ice Data Center
    CIRES, 449 UCB
    University of Colorado
    Boulder, CO 80309-0449

    • 1 303 492 6199
    • 1 303 492 2468
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  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
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    National Snow and Ice Data Center
    CIRES, 449 UCB
    University of Colorado
    Boulder, CO 80309-0449

    • 1 303 492 6199
    • 1 303 492 2468
    • Email

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  • Charles
    Technical Contact
    Charles Tarnocai

    K.W. Neatby Building, Room 1135, 960 Carling Avenue
    Ottawa, K1A 0C6

  • Tarnocai,
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    Tarnocai, C

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    • Cryosolic pedons from Northern Canada, Version 1
      1

      Published by: National Snow and Ice Data Center