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TRMM Precipitation Radar Power and Reflectivity L1C 1.5 hours V7 (TRMM_1C21) at GES DISC

The TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR), the first of its kind in space, is an electronically scanning radar, operating at 13.8 GHz that measures the 3-D rainfall distribution over both land and ocean, and defines the layer depth of the precipitation. The 1C21 calculates the effective radar reflectivity factor at 13.8 GHz without any propagation loss (due to rain or any other atmospheric gas) correction (Zm). Therefore, the Zm value can be calculated just by applying a radar equation for volume scatter with PR system parameters. The noise-equivalent Zm is about 21 dBZ. Through the subtraction of the system noise, the Zm value as small as 16 or 18 dBZ are still usable although the data quality is marginal. In 1C21, all echoes stored in 1B21 are converted to "dBZ" unit. This is not relevant for "non-rain" echo; however, this policy is adopted so that the 1B21 and 1C21 product format should be as close as possible except for the following points: - Radar quantity is Zm in dBZ unit instead of received power (dBm). - Data at echo-free range bins judged in 1B21 are replaced with a dummy value. Changes in horizontal resolution resulting from the TRMM boost that occurred on 24 August 2001: Pre-Boost (before 7 August 2001): Temporal Resolution: 91.5 min/orbit ~ 16 orbits/day; Swath Width: 215 km; Horizontal Resolution: 4.3 km Post-Boost (after 24 August 2001): Temporal Resolution: 92.5 min/orbit ~ 16 orbits/day; Swath Width: 247 km; Horizontal Resolution: 5.0 km

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